Lumbar Spondylosis Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Lumbar Spondylosis Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Lumbar Spondylosis is a type of age-related changes of bone, discs, and spine of a person. Several wear and tears take place on the bones, and when such condition occurs in the lower back, it is called lumbar spondylosis. Lumbar Spondylosis is mainly associated with degenerative changes in the discs as well as facet joints of a person. Physiotherapy is the best treatment for Lumbar Spondylosis. Physiotherapy for Lumbar Spondylosis can help the patient to relieve the pain and strengthening the muscles.

Causes of Lumbar Spondylosis

  • Lumbar Spondylosis is mainly caused due to continuous abnormal pressure on the spine. As the body ages, the discs that are present in between the bones of the spine become stiffer due to which it often breaks down. When the bones break down, it sometimes grows into the bone spur, and such situation happens in the lower back portion of a human being, it causes lumbar spondylosis. Apart from that, there are several reasons due to which lumbar spondylosis is created, and some of the common reasons are:
  • Joint subluxation
  • Repeated trauma
  • Bad posture
  • Injury
  • Genetics
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • External damage
  • Heredity or family history
  • Heavy lifting
  • Age-related wear and tear
  • Sports-related stress on the spine

What are the symptoms of Lumbar Spondylosis?

Initially, the patient does not get any symptoms other than back pain and stiffness. These symptoms get worse in the morning times, which progressively get better throughout the day. When these conditions worsen gradually, remember that you should take lumbar spondylosis physiotherapy. Apart from that, the following are some common symptoms that are noticed in the patient of lumbar spondylosis:    

  • Numbness and loss of sensation
  • Muscles weakness in legs
  • Radiating pain
  • Tingling sensation
  • The reduced motion of the spine
  • Pain and stiffness in the lower back
  • Pain in buttocks, hips, groin, and thighs

Treatment for lumbar spondylosis

The treatment of lumbar spondylosis includes physiotherapy, medication, as well as surgery. Let’s discuss the treatment of lumbar spondylosis in detail:

  • Physiotherapy

In lumbar spondylosis treatment, physiotherapy is the most common choice and found to provide relief for many patients. It is true that there are some alternative treatments for lumbar spondylosis such as acupuncture, chiropractic treatment, massage, ultrasound treatment or electrical stimulation but lumbar spondylosis physiotherapy treatment is the best for this disease.

Apart from that treatment, the essential thing is to educate the patient about the posture. It is always advised to support the head, neck, and shoulder by taking backrest sitting on a chair keeping a small pillow in the lumbar spine while resting on this position you should also support your feet and arm by resting on armrests by holding a cushion in the lap.

The process of Physiotherapy Lumbar spondylosis also involves hot or cold packs on the affected area, which can decrease the pain and reduce the muscle spasm to a great extent. In physiotherapy exercise for lumbar spondylosis, it is also very essential to teach the patient about various self-relaxation techniques, for example, deep breathing, training, and physiological relaxation. 

  • Medication

If you do not get relief from Lumbar disc bulge physiotherapy treatment, then you have to go for medication. As a medication, you have to use topical creams for relieving pains and some muscle relaxants medicines that can reduce the muscle spasms. Sometimes doctors also prescribe some steroid medications either in pills or injection forms. However, doctors prescribe such kind of drugs when the pain is severe. Apart from that, sometimes doctors also prescribe injection, which combines steroids as well as aesthetic medications. Steroid injection helps in reducing inflammation. Generally, doctors inject the steroid into the roots of the affected nerves.

  • Surgery    

Doctors suggest surgery at the time when neither medication nor lumbar canal stenosis physiotherapy treatment work. If there is a severe numbness or weakness or patient has a massive loss of bowel or bladder control, then there is no other way to go without any surgery. However, the type of surgery also depends on the problems as well as the location. Before going for surgery, it is essential to perform X-ray and find out the affected area.  But it is mostly seen that medicine involves a lot of risks and invasive surgery is always better as it has less chance of blood loss and muscle damage. Apart from that, this kind of muscle involves fast recovery. Before performing such type of surgery, doctors use a local anesthetic.  


Lumbar spondylosis is a widespread problem that is mainly observed in old age. When the condition of the lumbar spondylosis remains mild in most of the cases, it is found that the patient does not feel any symptoms, but it increases gradually. But whenever you think any such symptoms, it is always advisable to consult it with a doctor and if recommended, take the physiotherapy treatment, especially under a specialist.    


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